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Aquaculture Environment Interactions

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AEI 10:201-211 (2018)  -  DOI:

Bioturbation by sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus affects sediment phosphorus forms and sorption characteristics

Yi-Ran Hou1,2,3, Yong-Jun Sun4, Qin-Feng Gao1,2,*, Shuang-Lin Dong1,2, Bin Wen5, Zhe Pan1,2, Chengyue Liu1,2

1Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong Province 266003, PR China
2Function Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, Shandong Province 266003, PR China
3Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Wuxi 214081, PR China
4Research Office, Homey Group Co., Ltd., Rongcheng 264306, PR China
5College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, PR China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: An 84 d experiment was carried out to investigate the impact of sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) bioturbation on different phosphorus forms and phosphorus sorption characteristics in the sediment. Sea cucumbers were cultured in fiberglass tanks (30 × 40 × 50 cm) with 5 cm thick sediment, and were divided into 4 groups according to culture densities, i.e. 0, 4, 6, and 8 ind. tank-1. For each of these 4 densities, 4 replicates of sea cucumbers were cultured. Results showed that the increasing culture density significantly increased the content of NaOH-extractable P (NaOH-P) and decreased the content of organic phosphorus (OP) in sediment. Phosphorus maximum buffer capacity (MBC) and energy adsorption (Kf) values of sediment in the lower density groups (0 and 4 ind. tank-1) decreased significantly with time, while no temporal changes were observed in MBC and Kf values of sediment in the higher density groups (6 and 8 ind. tank-1). Sea cucumbers facilitated the decomposition of OP and the formation of NaOH-P in sediment, and improved the ability and capacity of phosphorus sorption of the sediment with increasing culture density. Our results suggest that the use of sea cucumbers may help to prevent eutrophication in integrated multitrophic aquaculture systems.

KEY WORDS: Apostichopus japonicus · Sea cucumber · Bioturbation · Phosphorus forms · Phosphorus sorption characteristics · Holothuroidea

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Cite this article as: Hou YR, Sun YJ, Gao QF, Dong SL, Wen B, Pan Z, Liu C (2018) Bioturbation by sea cucumbers Apostichopus japonicus affects sediment phosphorus forms and sorption characteristics. Aquacult Environ Interact 10:201-211.

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