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Aquatic Microbial Ecology

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AME 81:149-170 (2018)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01868

Shifts in phytoplankton community structure modify bacterial production, abundance and community composition

Maria T. Camarena-Gómez1,2,*, Tobias Lipsewers2, Jonna Piiparinen2, Eeva Eronen-Rasimus2, Daniel Perez-Quemaliños3, Laura Hoikkala2,4, Cristina Sobrino3, Kristian Spilling

1Tvärminne Zoological Station, University of Helsinki, J.A. Palménin tie 260, 10900 Hanko, Finland
2Finnish Environment Institute, Marine Research Center, PO Box 140, 00251 Helsinki, Finland
3Faculty of Sciences, University of Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende s/n, 36310 Vigo, Spain
4Helsinki University Center for Environment, PO Box 65, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: In recent decades, the phytoplankton community in parts of the Baltic Sea has shifted from diatom dominance to co-occurrence of diatoms and dinoflagellates during the spring bloom. We investigated whether this shift affects bacterial production (BP), abundance and community composition (BCC). Two mesocosm experiments were carried out with water from the SW coast of Finland during the winters of 2012 and 2013. The water was collected before the onset of the spring bloom. Natural seawater was used as a control, and various inocula of diatom and dinoflagellate cultures were used as treatments. After the phytoplankton bloom development, BP (thymidine: BPT; leucine: BPL) was significantly higher in the diatom treatments than in the controls and dinoflagellate treatments (BPT and BPL in 2012 and BPL in 2013). In 2013, the BCC was significantly different between the diatom and dinoflagellate treatments and there was a temporal shift in both experiments. Alphaproteobacteria predominated in all treatments at the beginning of the experiments and shifted to flavobacterial (2012) and betaproteobacterial predominance (2013) during the chlorophyll a peak. Towards the end of the experiment, Actinobacteria and Betaproteobacteria predominated in the diatom treatment in 2012, whereas in 2013 Flavobacteriia (all treatments) predominated together with Gammaproteobacteria and Cytophagia (diatom treatments). The results demonstrated that bacterial physiology and community structure are affected by relatively small changes in the phytoplankton community. Thus, the ongoing changes in the phytoplankton community resulting from co-occurrence of diatoms and dinoflagellates may decrease pelagic remineralization of carbon and reduce organic matter fluxes through the microbial loop.


KEY WORDS: Diatom · Dinoflagellate · Bacterial production · Bacterial community · Biogeochemical cycles · Microbial loop · Baltic Sea


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Cite this article as: Camarena-Gómez MT, Lipsewers T, Piiparinen J, Eronen-Rasimus E and others (2018) Shifts in phytoplankton community structure modify bacterial production, abundance and community composition. Aquat Microb Ecol 81:149-170. https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01868

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