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CR 86:1-7 (2022)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01688

INTRODUCTION
Sustainable management of populations impacted by harvesting and climate change

Nils Chr. Stenseth1,*, Rolf A. Ims2, Bernt-Erik Sæther3, Luis Cadahía1,#, Ivar Herfindal3,#, Aline Magdalena Lee3,#, Jason D. Whittington1,#, Nigel G. Yoccoz2,#

1Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway
2Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, UiT the Arctic University of Norway, 9037 Tromsø, Norway
3Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
*Corresponding author:
#These authors contributed equally

ABSTRACT: The sustainable use of natural resources is critical for addressing the global challenges of today. Strategies for sustainable harvesting need to consider not only harvested species, but also other non-harvested species interacting with them in the same ecosystem. In addition, environmental variation needs to be considered, with climate change currently being one of the main sources of this variation. Understanding the consequences of complex interactions between different drivers and processes affecting dynamics of species and ecosystems across spatial scales requires large-scale integrative research projects. The Norwegian research initiative “Sustainable management of renewable resources in a changing environment: an integrated approach across ecosystems” (SUSTAIN) was launched to fill knowledge gaps related to the sustainable management of populations and ecosystems experiencing climate change. SUSTAIN investigated terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecosystems in boreal and Arctic regions, using both theoretical developments and empirical analyses of long-term data. This Climate Research Special contains both synthesis articles and original research exemplifying some of the approaches used in SUSTAIN. In this introduction we highlight 4 key topics addressed by SUSTAIN: (i) population structure, (ii) interactions between species, (iii) spatial processes, and (iv) adaptive management. These topics are fundamental to the understanding of harvested species from an ecosystem perspective, and to ecosystem-based management approaches, which we are striving to work towards.


KEY WORDS: Sustainable harvesting · Yield · Population synchrony · Strategic foresight protocol


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Cite this article as: Stenseth NC, Ims RA, Sæther BE, Cadahía L and others (2022) Sustainable management of populations impacted by harvesting and climate change. Clim Res 86:1-7. https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01688

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