Inter-Research > ESR > v44 > p105-112  
ESR
Endangered Species Research

via Mailchimp

ESR 44:105-112 (2021)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01094

Occupancy and population density estimates of the Amazonian manatee in eastern Ecuador

Viviana Narváez Ruano1, Victor Utreras B.2,3, Galo Zapata-Ríos1,*

1Wildlife Conservation Society, Ecuador Program, Mariana de Jesús E7-248 y La Pradera, Quito 170518, Ecuador
2Ministerio del Ambiente de Ecuador, Madrid 1159 y Andalucía, Quito 170525, Ecuador
3IUCN SSC Sirenia Specialist Group
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis has been categorized as Vulnerable by the IUCN. There have been few studies on the species in its natural habitats due to its elusive nature and the low visibility of its aquatic habitats. Understanding the conservation status of Amazonian manatees, as well as any changes in their population trends and direct threats, is the basis for their management and conservation. Our study was carried out in 2 localities of the Ecuadorian Amazon (Tambococha-Jatuncocha and the Lagarto River), in the provinces of Sucumbíos and Orellana. We surveyed Amazonian manatees along rivers and in lagoons, using fish finder side-scan sonar to increase detectability rates. We estimated encounter rates, population density and occupancy. With a sampling effort of 573 km, we obtained an average encounter rate of 0.90 records 10 km-1 and estimated a population density of 1.09 and 0.94 ind. km-2 in Tambococha-Jatuncocha and the Lagarto River, respectively. In addition, occupancy rates varied between 0.51 and 0.57, and presence and distribution of the species were associated with distance to humans. The Amazonian manatee population estimates presented here represent a baseline for future research, and additional surveys will be needed to understand population fluctuations over time. An evaluation of population viability in Tambococha-Jatuncocha and the Lagarto River would also be required to determine whether these populations will be able to persist over the long term under different deterministic and stochastic scenarios.


KEY WORDS: Sirenia · Amazonian manatee · Trichechus inunguis · Population density · Sidescan sonar · Ecuadorian Amazon


Full text in pdf format
Supplementary material 
Cite this article as: Narváez Ruano V, Utreras B V, Zapata-Ríos G (2021) Occupancy and population density estimates of the Amazonian manatee in eastern Ecuador. Endang Species Res 44:105-112. https://doi.org/10.3354/esr01094

Export citation
Mail this link - Contents Mailing Lists - RSS
Facebook - - linkedIn