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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 591:3-5 (2018)  -  DOI:

Jellyfish blooms: advances and challenges

Verónica L. Fuentes1,*, Jennifer E. Purcell2, Robert H. Condon3, Fabien Lombard4, Cathy H. Lucas5

1Institut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, Pg. Marítim de la Barceloneta 37–49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
2Biology Department, Western Washington University, 518 High St., Bellingham, WA 98225, USA
3Young Scientist Academy, 702 Paisley Court, Wilmington, NC 28409, USA
4Sorbonne Université, CNRS-INSU, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, LOV UMR 7093, 06230 Villefranche-sur-mer, France
5Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, European Way, Southampton SO14 3ZH, UK
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: As jellyfish interactions with humans increase in coastal waters, there is an urgent need to provide science-based management strategies to mitigate the negative socioeconomic impacts of jellyfish blooms and to exploit potential benefits of their ecosystem services. This Theme Section presents the latest advances in jellyfish research, from new sampling methods to food-web and life-cycle studies. The methodological advances presented will help to overcome difficulties in sampling due to the fluctuations in abundance and irregular distributions of jellyfish. The ecology of gelatinous species in marine food webs is explored through studying interactions between jellyfish and fish. Aspects of jellyfish life cycles, which often include both attached polyps and swimming medusae, are elucidated by locating the polyps and determining the factors that contribute to their success. Knowledge on all of these factors will be essential to understand the bloom dynamics of specific jellyfish groups. 

KEY WORDS: Gelatinous zooplankton · Medusae · Ctenophores · Scyphistoma · Life cycle · Population dynamics · Ecology · Food web · Fisheries

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Cite this article as: Fuentes VL, Purcell JE, Condon RH, Lombard F, Lucas CH (2018) Jellyfish blooms: advances and challenges. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 591:3-5.

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