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Marine Ecology Progress Series

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MEPS 643:33-48 (2020)  -  DOI:

Resilience of plankton trophic structure to an eddy-stimulated diatom bloom in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre

Moira Décima1,*, Michael R. Landry2

1National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Hataitai, Wellington 6022, New Zealand
2Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: We investigated the response of an open-ocean plankton food web to a major ecosystem perturbation event, the Hawaiian lee cyclonic eddy Opal, using compound-specific isotopic analyses of amino acids (CSIA-AA) of individual zooplankton taxa. We hypothesized that the massive diatom bloom that characterized Opal would lead to a shorter food chain. Using CSIA-AA, we differentiated trophic position (TP) changes that arose from altered transfers through protistan microzooplankton, versus metazoan carnivory, and assessed the variability at the base of the food web. Contrary to expectation, zooplankton TPs were higher in the eddy than in ambient control waters (up to 0.8 trophic level), particularly for suspension feeders close to the food-web base. Most of the effect was due to increased trophic transfers through protistan consumers, indicating a general shift up, not down, of grazing and remineralization in the microbial food web. Eucalanus sp., which was 15-fold more abundant inside compared to outside of the eddy, was the only taxon observed to be a true herbivore (TP = 2.0), consistent with a high phenylalanine (Phe) δ15N value indicating feeding on nitrate-fueled diatoms in the lower euphotic zone. Oncaea sp., an aggregate-associated copepod, had the largest (1.5) TP difference, and lowest Phe δ15N, suggesting that detrital particles were local hot spots of enhanced microbial activity. Rapid growth rates and trophic flexibility of protistan microzooplankton apparently allow the microbial community to reorganize to bloom perturbations, as microzooplankton remain the primary phytoplankton grazers—despite the dominance of large diatoms—and are heavily preyed on by the mesozooplankton.

KEY WORDS: Compound-specific · Omnivory · Nitrogen · Isotope · Food web · Zooplankton

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Cite this article as: Décima M, Landry MR (2020) Resilience of plankton trophic structure to an eddy-stimulated diatom bloom in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 643:33-48.

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