DAO 113:69-73 (2015)  -  DOI: https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02827

NOTE
Bipolaris hawaiiensis as an emerging cause of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in an Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus

José Júlio Costa Sidrim1, Vitor Luz Carvalho1,2, Débora Castelo Branco de Souza Collares Maia1, Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante1,*, Ana Carolina Oliveira de Meirelles2, Cristine Pereira Negrão Silva2, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro1, José Luciano Bezerra Moreira1, Tereza de Jesus Pinheiro Gomes Bandeira2, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha1,3

1Specialized Medical Mycology Center (CEMM), Federal University of Ceará, Rua Coronel Nunes de Melo, 1315, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Ceará, 60430-270 Brazil
2Associação de Pesquisa e Preservação de Ecossistemas Aquáticos (AQUASIS), Rua José de Alencar, 150, Caucaia, Ceará, 61627-010 Brazil
3Postgraduate Program in Veterinary Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, State University of Ceará, Av. Dr. Silas Munguba, 1700, Itaperi, Fortaleza, Ceará, 60740-000 Brazil
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: Phaeohyphomycoses are emerging and opportunistic diseases caused by dematiaceous fungi that infect many animal species. This paper describes a case of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in an Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus caused by Bipolaris hawaiiensis. Blackish skin lesions were observed in an Antillean manatee calf held captive in Brazil. Direct examination of skin scraping from the affected areas revealed the presence of dematious hyphae. Culture of skin fragments led to the isolation and subsequent identification of B. hawaiiensis as the etiologic agent. Treatment with itraconazole for 14 d was effective. Infections by Bipolaris spp. are rare in animals, and this is the first report of B. hawaiiensis in veterinary medicine.


KEY WORDS: Phaeohyphomycosis · Bipolaris hawaiiensis · Trichechus manatus manatus · Itraconazole


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Cite this article as: Sidrim JJC, Carvalho VL, Castelo Branco DSCM, Brilhante RSN and others (2015) Bipolaris hawaiiensis as an emerging cause of cutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in an Antillean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus. Dis Aquat Org 113:69-73. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao02827

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