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CR 91:47-66 (2023)  -  DOI:

Updated analysis of surface warming trends in North China based on in-depth homogenized data (1951-2020)

Jiajun He1, Guoyu Ren1,2,*, Panfeng Zhang3, Xiang Zheng1, Siqi Zhang1,2

1Department of Atmospheric Science, School of Environmental Studies, China University of Geosciences (CUG), Wuhan 430074, PR China
2Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration (CMA), Beijing 100081, PR China
3School of Tourism and Geographical Sciences, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, PR China
*Corresponding author:

ABSTRACT: The reliability of climate change detection and research is significantly impacted by the inhomogeneity of surface climate observation data. However, there is an ongoing debate regarding whether comprehensive homogenization has been performed in large-scale homogenized data sets. In this study, we examined the homogeneity of the original maximum and minimum temperature (Tmax and Tmin) data for 662 meteorological stations in North China by using multiple methods and combining with metadata. The quantile matching method was employed to adjust the daily Tmax and Tmin series. In order to avoid the potential systematic bias resulting from homogenization, no reference series were introduced during the adjustment process. The adjustment results indicate that Tmin in North China is significantly affected by non-climatic factors, particularly station relocations and environmental changes around the stations. The application of homogenization in this study led to a notable increase in the overall temperature trends of the stations, with Tmin exhibiting a larger increase and the diurnal temperature range demonstrating a more significant downward trend. Based on the homogenized data, the annual and seasonal mean temperature trends in North China from 1951 to 2020 were re-evaluated. These temperature trends generally surpass those reported in previous research for the same period from 1961 to 2000. The higher estimate of temperature trends may be attributed to the recovered urbanization effect in the newly homogenized data. Thus, the obtained homogenization data still exhibit a significant urbanization bias that requires further assessment and adjustment.

KEY WORDS: Homogenization · Data · Maximum temperature · Minimum temperature · Warming trend · Urbanization effect · North China

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Cite this article as: He J, Ren G, Zhang P, Zheng X, Zhang S (2023) Updated analysis of surface warming trends in North China based on in-depth homogenized data (1951-2020). Clim Res 91:47-66.

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